The silence of the lambs

The silence of the lambs

(Photo IMDB)

5G technology, the fifth generation of mobile internet connectivity, is a new mobile-data transmission and distribution system. This new system, based on very high-frequency bands, is 100 times faster than current connections. With a latency of less than 1 millisecond, 5G networks will allow massive amounts of data to be transmitted with almost no delay.

The 5G network architecture is the new information superhighway – the platform that will power all sorts of disruptive applications: smart cities, self-driving vehicles, immersive virtual reality and numerous deployments of artificial intelligence.

During the Mobile World Congress, Barcelona’s  Hospital Clínic performed the first telesurgery in a remote-controlled 5G operating room. In applications of this sort, immediacy – that is, the lack of delay between the information in the operating room and the response of the remote surgeon – is absolutely critical.

Huawei is one of the world’s leading 5G companies. Founded by a Chinese military engineer in 1987, it now employs more than 170,000 people and has 21 R&D centers all over the world. The company operates in 170 countries and supplies network equipment for 45 of the world’s 50 largest telephone operators. In 2018, Huawei surpassed Apple in smartphone sales, becoming the world’s second largest mobile phone manufacturer.

In a globalized context, Huawei is just one of many Chinese competitors to enter the stratosphere of international competitiveness in recent years. But globalization has mutated in the past few months. The arrest of Huawei’s chief financial officer – and the possibility of her extradition from Canada to the United States – is just the tip of the iceberg in a new cold war that will have two combatants (the United States and China), one battlefield (technology), and one stunned spectator (Europe).

Chinese techno-nationalism has emerged as a model of success that will enable the country to carry out half of the world’s R&D over the next few years. And we’re not just talking about Chinese companies entering global markets, but about the Chinese system as a whole.

Driven by Asian discipline, five-year executive plans, big-data technocracy and frontier technology, the Chinese public-private conglomerates are set to conquer world markets. The old liberal democracies seem fragile compared to the colossal dimensions of China, with its refined internal apparatus and its geostrategic vision supported by technological expertise.

The questions that arise are consequential. If 5G technology is the data platform that will sustain critical systems such as algorithmic traffic controls in cities, information flow in hospitals with distributed operating rooms, decision-making systems in global banks, and citizen information databases, and all these networks (or parts of them) are supported by companies like Huawei, could these critical systems end up in the hands of the Chinese government thanks to hidden encrypted backdoors leading directly to a room of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army? Could your car, your personal computer, your medical records, your social networks or your company’s control systems be hacked by Beijing?

The United States is taking anti-espionage legislative measures to prevent federal agencies from purchasing Huawei systems. Huawei, in turn, has filed a complaint in a Texas court, and China has taken trade countermeasures against both the United States and Canada. American diplomats are trying to convince their European allies to block purchases of goods from Huawei and other Chinese giants, such as ZTE.

All this may seem like science fiction. However, given China’s track record of technological expansion and ambitious technological plans, we should not be surprised by the doubts, the responses (including episodes worthy of a new cold war) or the involution of Trump’s America. (Although, to be fair, until recently most electronic backdoors might lead straight to Washington.)

Nor should we be surprised by the rising tensions. China’s foreign minister recently declared that Chinese companies should not behave like “silent lambs” in the face of legal battles initiated by the United States.

What is surprising is Europe’s naïveté and paralysis. The lack of urgency and leadership in integration processes. The absolute absence of serious industrial and technological policies. The lack of a continental strategic vision and the weakness of the debate in Europe over the need for technological sovereignty. The Chinese will not behave like silent lambs. But without initiative, the silence of the lambs will be the final lullaby for the Europeans.

Article published in ESADEKnowledge

Xavier Ferràs

Xavier Ferràs is a Professor of Operations Management, Innovation and Data Sciences and Executive Director of Business Custom Programs at ESADE. He previously served as Dean of the Faculty of Business and Communication Studies at the University of Vic. 

Until 2012, he served as Director of the Catalan Agency for Competitiveness, where he was responsible for technology transfer policies, R&D and the development of clusters in Catalonia. He previously served as CIDEM Director of Business Development, Head of Innovation and Coordinator of the Technological Innovation Plan for Catalonia (2001-2004) and was a member of the committee responsible for drafting the Research and Innovation Plan (2005-2008).

Neuromarketing? Better talk about Brain-Pleasing Marketing

Neuromarketing? Better talk about Brain-Pleasing Marketing It was many years ago, in the early 2000s, that the first instance of ‘neuromarketing’ popped up as a search term on Google… and as they say: “the rest is history”. In fact, since then, general interest in the subject has mushroomed so much that the [...]

Why managing cultural change in businesses matters

Why managing cultural change in businesses matters Looking to the future, it quickly becomes clear that coping with a variety of cultures will be a significant task for future leaders. Culture is becoming increasingly difficult to manage. It all boils down to giving meaning to what is happening at present and envisaging [...]

Good Vibrations: Consumer Responses to Technology-Mediated Haptic Feedback

Good Vibrations: Consumer Responses to Technology-Mediated Haptic Feedback An increasing proportion of everyday communication is mediated through technological devices consumers hold (e.g., mobile phones) or wear (e.g., smartwatches). One major challenge marketers face when addressing consumers through mobile and wearable technology is that the small screen sizes limit the scope for visual [...]

The imperative need for strategic management in institutional environments

The imperative need for strategic management in institutional environments The interaction between politics and business is a blindingly present environment in which there is much to learn and improve upon, especially from a Spanish-speaking perspective. In a world with global companies and widespread regulatory growth, companies operate in many different countries and [...]

Open Data and Civic Apps: First-Generation Failures, Second-Generation Improvements

Open Data and Civic Apps: First-Generation Failures, Second-Generation Improvements On his first day in office in 2009, US President Barack Obama signed the “Memorandum on Transparency and Open Government,” asking government agencies to make their data open and available to the public. The aim was to provide transparency in government and improve [...]

The geopolitical impact of Brexit

The geopolitical impact of Brexit   In the long history of building the European Union, the impact of Brexit (Britain + exit) (if it should come to pass) will not be a fissure but rather a geopolitical rupture of the highest magnitude, comparable in recent history to the fall of the Berlin [...]

Leading strategic change

Leading strategic change Strategic Change is a complex process. Considering that we are facing times of great uncertainty and constant change, the executives tackling these processes should take the opportunity to lay the foundations of a new corporate culture which is more open to change. It is getting harder to predict the [...]